Livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict: a review of evidence and practice

This review considers how protracted conflict has affected livelihoods and food security in select cases, and responses undertaken to address resulting economic and social harm.

Publisher SPARC
By Steve Wiggins Simon Levine Mary Allen Maha Elsamahi Vaidehi Krishnan Irina Mosel Neema Patel
Economies, markets and livelihoods Africa Mali Nigeria Somalia South Sudan Uganda Middle East Syria Yemen

Protracted conflicts are immensely costly in lives and livelihoods, as well as being a grave threat to development. This review addresses two questions:

This review focuses on eleven cases of protracted conflict, most of them current in 2021. They are: Afghanistan; Darfur, Sudan; eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); Mali; Nepal (ended 2006); northeast Nigeria; Somalia; South Sudan; Syria; northern Uganda (ended 2006); and Yemen. The report is based on literature reviews of the eleven cases and interviews with key informants, with data and insights synthesised by comparing across the cases.

You can view the accompanying annexes for this rapid evidence review here.

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