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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Steve is an agricultural economist who has worked on agricultural and rural development since 1972, as planner, teacher and researcher initially in Latin America, subsequently focusing on sub-Saharan Africa. He joined ODI in 2002. His interests centre on rural livelihoods, agricultural development, rural poverty, and food and nutrition security.

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Woman Tending to the goats in Kenya. Credit: Jakob Dall - Danish Red Cross (p-KEN0534) Publications

Financing livestock trade: Formal and informal finance in Kenya, Mali and Somalia

This report looks at the degree to which traders marketing livestock from the rangelands use formal financial services, and examines the development of these financial services.
A cattle trader at the animal market in Forobaranga, West Darfur. Publications

Impacts of disruptions to livestock marketing in Sudan

This paper draws on interviews with traders and herders in Sudan, and secondary literature, to gain insight into how the suspended Hajj in 2020 affected livestock traders and herders on low incomes.
Women in a market in Lakes state, South Sudan. Publications

Livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict: a review of evidence and practice

This review considers how protracted conflict has affected livelihoods and food security in select cases, and responses undertaken to address resulting economic and social harm.
A woman sells vegetables in Hamarwayne market in Mogadishu, Somalia. Publications

Livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict: a review of evidence and practice - Annexes

Supplementary information for the rapid evidence review on livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict. The annexes comprise a compendium of country studies and grids of interventions.

Latest news and features

Women Sell Cassava Flour at Market, Abuja / Image: IFPRI/Milo Mitchell, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

The Russia-Ukraine War: What will happen to food prices, and what can we learn from prior shocks?

Read here about the effects of the Russian-Ukrainian war on commodity prices (wheat and fertiliser) and policy implications for countries in North and sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East