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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Ethiopia has a population of 109 million people. Pastoralism is one of the main livelihoods with around 11.4 million families in the country producing livestock. More than 65 per cent of working Ethiopians are employed in agriculture. The country is also relatively young, with 12 per cent of Ethiopians between the ages of 15 and 19.

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Credit: S. Sheridan - Ethiopia, 05/2016 Publications

Innovations for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in fragile and conflict-affected settings

This scoping paper presents key findings from the SPARC review of the innovation landscape specific to the contexts of fragile and conflict-affected settings.
Transporting water containers from distribution point. Credit: Photo by Jonathan Kalan (p-KEN0646)/ IFRC Publications

A review of tenure and governance in the pastoral lands of East and West Africa

This report looks at how increased pressures and competition for natural resources and pastoral lands in East and West Africa have affected pastoralists' governance and tenure systems.
The people of Ta Kuti village (Niger State) are pastoralists and beneficiaries of Nigeria’s Fadama II project. Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank Publications

Transboundary climate and adaptation risks in Africa: perceptions from 2021

This report documents how African policy-makers and experts perceive climate change and adaptation risks that have the potential for multi-country to regional consequences.
Young Borona lady with goats credit ILRI Publications

Report: Resilient Generation: supporting young people’s prospects for decent work in the drylands of east and west Africa

This report reviews opportunities for young people in the drylands of Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan and Mali to pursue climate-resilient decent work, and provides key recommendations.

Latest news and features

The drought in Kenya has exacerbated the water shortage. People carry water with donkeys./ Credit:Bünyamin Aygun/ Milfoto (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Features

Severe drought continues to threaten livelihoods in the drylands of the Horn of Africa

Reflecting on how drought has affected the livelihoods of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa, and looking forward. Read more here.
Drought in Kenya's Ewaso Ngiro river basin. Credit: Water Alternatives Photo/ Climate Center Features

Living with certainty: pastoralists grapple with drought in Horn of Africa

Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa respond well to different kinds of uncertainty. While this drought’s outcomes remain uncertain, it’s clear the months ahead will be difficult for the majority.
In the arid and dry region of Isiolo in Kenya, communities are learning of a new irrigation scheme. Photo: EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations/Martin Karimi Features

Anticipatory action for drought: making a difference for pastoralists and farmers in the Horn of Africa

Can anticipatory action become a key strategy for dealing with projected climate extremes and improve resilience? Find out more on what was said during this Resilience Hub virtual event at COP 26.