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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

With a population of around 52.5 million people, around 90% of Kenya’s land area is arid or semi-arid. Almost 6 out of 10 of working Kenyans depend on agriculture for a living. As in other Arid and Semi-arid Lands (ASALs), mixes of pastoralism and agriculture dominate rural areas. Similarly to other countries in the region, Kenya is a major exporter of livestock to the Gulf. Around 11 per cent of Kenyans are between the ages of 17 and 19.

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Transporting water containers from distribution point. Credit: Photo by Jonathan Kalan (p-KEN0646)/ IFRC Publications

A review of tenure and governance in the pastoral lands of East and West Africa

This report looks at how increased pressures and competition for natural resources and pastoral lands in East and West Africa have affected pastoralists' governance and tenure systems.
Credit: S. Sheridan - Ethiopia, 05/2016 Publications

Innovations for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in fragile and conflict-affected settings

This scoping paper presents key findings from the SPARC review of the innovation landscape specific to the contexts of fragile and conflict-affected settings.
Woman Tending to the goats in Kenya. Credit: Jakob Dall - Danish Red Cross (p-KEN0534) Publications

Financing livestock trade: Formal and informal finance in Kenya, Mali and Somalia

This report looks at the degree to which traders marketing livestock from the rangelands use formal financial services, and examines the development of these financial services.
The people of Ta Kuti village (Niger State) are pastoralists and beneficiaries of Nigeria’s Fadama II project. Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank Publications

Transboundary climate and adaptation risks in Africa: perceptions from 2021

This report documents how African policy-makers and experts perceive climate change and adaptation risks that have the potential for multi-country to regional consequences.

Latest news and features

The drought in Kenya has exacerbated the water shortage. People carry water with donkeys./ Credit:Bünyamin Aygun/ Milfoto (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Features

Severe drought continues to threaten livelihoods in the drylands of the Horn of Africa

Reflecting on how drought has affected the livelihoods of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa, and looking forward. Read more here.
Drought in Kenya's Ewaso Ngiro river basin. Credit: Water Alternatives Photo/ Climate Center Features

Living with certainty: pastoralists grapple with drought in Horn of Africa

Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa respond well to different kinds of uncertainty. While this drought’s outcomes remain uncertain, it’s clear the months ahead will be difficult for the majority.
In the arid and dry region of Isiolo in Kenya, communities are learning of a new irrigation scheme. Photo: EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations/Martin Karimi Features

Anticipatory action for drought: making a difference for pastoralists and farmers in the Horn of Africa

Can anticipatory action become a key strategy for dealing with projected climate extremes and improve resilience? Find out more on what was said during this Resilience Hub virtual event at COP 26.

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