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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Pastoralism is one of the main livelihood options for millions in this East African country of 15.5 million people.  Livestock production and exports are an important part of Somalia’s economy, as is farming – with around 83 per cent of the working population employed in agriculture.

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Camels on sale at Burao livestock market - Image by ILRI - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Livelihoods, conflict and mediation: Somalia

This report is the second in a series highlighting learning emerging from a longitudinal study examining violent and non-violent conflict and mediation dynamics in Somalia and Nigeria.

Somali region drought response/ Photo Credit: UNICEF Ethiopia/2022/Mulugeta Ayene (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Publications

Obstacles to and opportunities for anticipatory action in Somalia

This brief is the second in a series highlighting learnings from a longitudinal study on anticipatory action in Somalia.
Somali women living in El Waq, a small town in Somalia have long suffered years of conflict, marginalization and drought/ Credit: Mohamed Abdullah Adan, PACT (CC BY-NC 2.0) Publications

Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance in the Sahel and Horn of Africa

This research accompanies the synthesis report ‘Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance’, which provides key recommendations based on the findings in this working paper.
Woman Tending to the goats in Kenya. Credit: Jakob Dall - Danish Red Cross (p-KEN0534) Publications

Financing livestock trade: Formal and informal finance in Kenya, Mali and Somalia

This report looks at the degree to which traders marketing livestock from the rangelands use formal financial services, and examines the development of these financial services.

Latest news and features

Two young boys carrying water walk down a road next to a camp for internally displaced people near Jowhar, Somalia - Image by UN - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

Community-led early warning and anticipatory action in Somalia

Somalia is in a severe crisis that has built up over four failed rainy seasons. How are communities anticipating these shocks and how can we work with them to better integrate anticipatory action?
The drought in Kenya has exacerbated the water shortage. People carry water with donkeys./ Credit:Bünyamin Aygun/ Milfoto (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Features

Severe drought continues to threaten livelihoods in the drylands of the Horn of Africa

Reflecting on how drought has affected the livelihoods of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa, and looking forward. Read more here.
Drought in Kenya's Ewaso Ngiro river basin. Credit: Water Alternatives Photo/ Climate Center Features

Living with certainty: pastoralists grapple with drought in Horn of Africa

Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa respond well to different kinds of uncertainty. While this drought’s outcomes remain uncertain, it’s clear the months ahead will be difficult for the majority.

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