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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Dryland communities are often viewed as places of humanitarian crises in need of aid. Recent debates around investment in dryland resilience still follow humanitarian models of standardised aid packages to vulnerable communities. We know very little about how effective different investments are to support people in drylands who face shocks and crises.

SPARC aims to create, evaluate, synthesise and share existing and new knowledge to better understand how investments affect conflict; the ways that different land management institutions can help to manage conflicts and protect the interests of diverse communities - including pastoralists; and how governments and institutions can support markets to function through crises and in recovery.

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Camels on sale at Burao livestock market - Image by ILRI - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Livelihoods, conflict and mediation: Somalia

This report is the second in a series highlighting learning emerging from a longitudinal study examining violent and non-violent conflict and mediation dynamics in Somalia and Nigeria.

Somali region drought response/ Photo Credit: UNICEF Ethiopia/2022/Mulugeta Ayene (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Publications

Obstacles to and opportunities for anticipatory action in Somalia

This brief is the second in a series highlighting learnings from a longitudinal study on anticipatory action in Somalia.
Somali women living in El Waq, a small town in Somalia have long suffered years of conflict, marginalization and drought/ Credit: Mohamed Abdullah Adan, PACT (CC BY-NC 2.0) Publications

Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance in the Sahel and Horn of Africa

This research accompanies the synthesis report ‘Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance’, which provides key recommendations based on the findings in this working paper.
SARD-SC Wheat improvement (Kano, Nigeria). Credit: ICARDA/ CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Impacts of war on food prices and food security in potentially vulnerable countries

War in Ukraine may be distant, but may still affect countries in the global south as war drives up the prices of commodities. Just how serious is this threat?

Latest news and features

Somali region drought response - Image by Mulugeta Ayene / Unicef Ethiopia - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 News

Opportunity: Post-Doctoral Fellowships at the International Livestock Research Institute

SPARC partner the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) announces two new post-doctoral fellowships in anticipatory action and humanitarian relief and resilience programming.
Men unload sacks of onions in a farmers market in Bamako, Mali - Image by Dominic Chavez / World Bank - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

We need more action to reform how climate finance is raised, directed and accessed in West Africa

Changing the way that climate finance is raised, directed and accessed in West Africa is long overdue. Here SPARC shares what needs to be done.
Residents of Mogadishu - Image by Tobin Jones/ UN - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

Why we urgently need to fund climate adaptation in fragile- and conflict-affected countries like Somalia

For far too long countries affected by fragility and conflict, like Somalia, have faced obstacles when accessing climate finance. Here our experts share insight into what needs to change and why.

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