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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Dryland communities are often viewed as places of humanitarian crises in need of aid. Recent debates around investment in dryland resilience still follow humanitarian models of standardised aid packages to vulnerable communities. We know very little about how effective different investments are to support people in drylands who face shocks and crises.

SPARC aims to create, evaluate, synthesise and share existing and new knowledge to better understand how investments affect conflict; the ways that different land management institutions can help to manage conflicts and protect the interests of diverse communities - including pastoralists; and how governments and institutions can support markets to function through crises and in recovery.

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Somali women living in El Waq, a small town in Somalia have long suffered years of conflict, marginalization and drought/ Credit: Mohamed Abdullah Adan, PACT (CC BY-NC 2.0) Publications

Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance in the Sahel and Horn of Africa

This research accompanies the synthesis report ‘Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance’, which provides key recommendations based on the findings in this working paper.
SARD-SC Wheat improvement (Kano, Nigeria). Credit: ICARDA/ CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Impacts of war on food prices and food security in potentially vulnerable countries

War in Ukraine may be distant, but may still affect countries in the global south as war drives up the prices of commodities. Just how serious is this threat?
Credit: S. Sheridan - Ethiopia, 05/2016 Publications

Innovations for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in fragile and conflict-affected settings

This scoping paper presents key findings from the SPARC review of the innovation landscape specific to the contexts of fragile and conflict-affected settings.
The people of Ta Kuti village (Niger State) are pastoralists and beneficiaries of Nigeria’s Fadama II project. Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank Infographics

Infographics: transboundary climate and adaptation risks

These infographics explore what triggers transboundary climate and adaptation risks and how they spread, and policy-makers’ perceptions of likelihood and severity.

Latest news and features

Asabey John from Borno State, Nigeria - Image by Conflict & Development at Texas A&M University - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 News

“If knowledge is power, then sharing knowledge is sharing power.”

SPARC launches new partnership working with women and girls from dryland communities in the Sahel to build more resilient, equitable livelihoods.
Farmer field day - International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas Ethiopia - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

A global crisis is affecting food prices for millions far beyond Ukraine

The war in Ukraine is helping to push up food prices globally. SPARC Executive Director Mark Redwood discusses how we can support pastoralists in Africa to build their resilience to shocks.
Improved Food Security - Photo by USAID- CC BY-NC 2.0 Features

We need to talk about resilience

How re-thinking how we understand 'resilience' can spur climate, development and humanitarian actors to work together to support people in the Sahel facing complex, multiple challenges.