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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Livestock production and trade are the backbone of the livelihoods of many people and economies in drylands. Pastoral communities in these regions have adapted to differences in rainfall and annual changes in weather by moving their herds and flocks. They are also adopting other ways to earn a living - including farming, trading in livestock and consumer goods, working in public services, and migrating to cities from where they send home remittances. However, these livelihoods are challenged by further climate and environmental risks in the short and long term, including pests, diseases, conflict and climate change.

We will distil and share key lessons from our analysis of how communities and businesses in drylands generate and share income and adapt to hazards, and how public policies and investments in these regions affect local economies and communities.

Here we present some recommended resources on the theme of Economies, Markets and Livelihoods specially selected by SPARC’s experts:

 

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Credit: S. Sheridan - Ethiopia, 05/2016 Publications

Innovations for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in fragile and conflict-affected settings

This scoping paper presents key findings from the SPARC review of the innovation landscape specific to the contexts of fragile and conflict-affected settings.
Woman Tending to the goats in Kenya. Credit: Jakob Dall - Danish Red Cross (p-KEN0534) Publications

Financing livestock trade: Formal and informal finance in Kenya, Mali and Somalia

This report looks at the degree to which traders marketing livestock from the rangelands use formal financial services, and examines the development of these financial services.
Young woman harvests vegetables at home, Biu, Nigeria - Photo Credit: Ezra Millstein/Mercy Corps Publications

Living with compounding livelihood shocks: How agropastoralists in Nigeria's drylands are coping and adapting

This paper discusses the effects of compounding shocks and stresses in agropastoral communities in Nigeria. It presents findings on the ways that households are coping and adapting to uncertainty.
The people of Ta Kuti village (Niger State) are pastoralists and beneficiaries of Nigeria’s Fadama II project. Photo: Arne Hoel/World Bank Publications

Transboundary climate and adaptation risks in Africa: perceptions from 2021

This report documents how African policy-makers and experts perceive climate change and adaptation risks that have the potential for multi-country to regional consequences.

Latest news and features

Asabey John from Borno State, Nigeria - Image by Conflict & Development at Texas A&M University - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 News

“If knowledge is power, then sharing knowledge is sharing power.”

SPARC launches new partnership working with women and girls from dryland communities in the Sahel to build more resilient, equitable livelihoods.
Farmer field day - International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas Ethiopia - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

A global crisis is affecting food prices for millions far beyond Ukraine

The war in Ukraine is helping to push up food prices globally. SPARC Executive Director Mark Redwood discusses how we can support pastoralists in Africa to build their resilience to shocks.
Improved Food Security - Photo by USAID- CC BY-NC 2.0 Features

We need to talk about resilience

How re-thinking how we understand 'resilience' can spur climate, development and humanitarian actors to work together to support people in the Sahel facing complex, multiple challenges.