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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Livestock production and trade are the backbone of the livelihoods of many people and economies in drylands. Pastoral communities in these regions have adapted to differences in rainfall and annual changes in weather by moving their herds and flocks. They are also adopting other ways to earn a living - including farming, trading in livestock and consumer goods, working in public services, and migrating to cities from where they send home remittances. However, these livelihoods are challenged by further climate and environmental risks in the short and long term, including pests, diseases, conflict and climate change.

We will distil and share key lessons from our analysis of how communities and businesses in drylands generate and share income and adapt to hazards, and how public policies and investments in these regions affect local economies and communities.

Here we present some recommended resources on the theme of Economies, Markets and Livelihoods specially selected by SPARC’s experts:

 

Featured resources

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A girl stands over livestock at Bakara animal market Somalia - Image by AMISOM - CC0 1.0 Publications

Issue brief: Resilient Generation: supporting young people’s prospects for decent work in the drylands of east and west Africa

This issue brief summarises the key findings and recommendations from the report 'Resilient Generation: supporting young people’s prospects for decent work in the drylands of east and west Africa'.
A woman farmer collects millet crop in El Fasher, Sudan - Image by Albert Gonzalez Farran / UNAMID Publications

Synthesis report: Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate adaptation finance

This report examines whether climate adaptation programmes have been conflict-sensitive in fragile and conflict-affected regions, and the barriers to increasing adaptation finance to these contexts.
Cattle being herded over a bridge in Mali. Publications

Stabilising the Sahel: Livestock as a driver of regional integration

This brief outlines ways to build the resilience of livestock markets in the Sahel to climate and conflict shocks, thereby improving their contribution to livelihoods, food security and the economy.
A cattle trader at the animal market in Forobaranga, West Darfur. Publications

Impacts of disruptions to livestock marketing in Sudan

This paper draws on interviews with traders and herders in Sudan, and secondary literature, to gain insight into how the suspended Hajj in 2020 affected livestock traders and herders on low incomes.

Latest news and features

Ethiopia - Image by K Lynch/Mercy Corps News

ClimateShot: SPARC joins campaign to support innovation in agriculture and achieve climate goals

SPARC joins new global campaign to use innovation to transform food systems and achieve global climate ambitions.
A cattle trader at the animal market in Forobaranga, West Darfur. News

What does pastoralism have to do with climate change?

Climate change is making life hard for livestock herders in drylands, but sustainable practices can support resilience and carbon-rich ecosystems.
A donkey and cart transport goods as cattle graze near Lake Bam, Burkina Faso. News

Ministers urge more collaboration to support pastoralism in the Sahel

Leaders from the Executive Secretariat of the G5 Sahel and Reseau Billital Maroobe (RBM) urge policymakers, practitioners and donors to collaborate more to support pastoralists in the Sahel.