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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Livestock production and trade are the backbone of the livelihoods of many people and economies in drylands. Pastoral communities in these regions have adapted to differences in rainfall and annual changes in weather by moving their herds and flocks. They are also adopting other ways to earn a living - including farming, trading in livestock and consumer goods, working in public services, and migrating to cities from where they send home remittances. However, these livelihoods are challenged by further climate and environmental risks in the short and long term, including pests, diseases, conflict and climate change.

We will distil and share key lessons from our analysis of how communities and businesses in drylands generate and share income and adapt to hazards, and how public policies and investments in these regions affect local economies and communities.

Here we present some recommended resources on the theme of Economies, Markets and Livelihoods specially selected by SPARC’s experts:

 

Featured resources

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Women in a market in Lakes state, South Sudan. Publications

Livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict: a review of evidence and practice

This review considers how protracted conflict has affected livelihoods and food security in select cases, and responses undertaken to address resulting economic and social harm.
A woman sells vegetables in Hamarwayne market in Mogadishu, Somalia. Publications

Livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict: a review of evidence and practice - Annexes

Supplementary information for the rapid evidence review on livelihoods and markets in protracted conflict. The annexes comprise a compendium of country studies and grids of interventions.
Sunrise in a cattle ranch in Kaduna State, Nigeria Publications

Conflict in the time of Covid-19

In this brief, SPARC speaks to farmers and pastoralists in conflict-affected drylands of Nigeria to gauge how Covid-19, and lockdown measures, have affected their social relationships.

Latest news and features

A donkey and cart transport goods as cattle graze near Lake Bam, Burkina Faso. News

Ministers urge more collaboration to support pastoralism in the Sahel

Leaders from the Executive Secretariat of the G5 Sahel and Reseau Billital Maroobe (RBM) urge policymakers, practitioners and donors to collaborate more to support pastoralists in the Sahel.
Jilo Tuke Dureti, from Dabassa Jaldessa, Somali Region, Ethiopia, uses a solar light and cell phone charger to light her home and charge neighbours' phones for a small fee, further increasing her ability to be self-sufficient. News

Doing things differently: innovation in drylands

What are the barriers to scaling innovation in drylands? How can we drive more innovation? SPARC shared its new research on innovation in dryland regions at the Global Landscapes Forum.
Local market traders in Pibor, South Sudan. News

Sustainable futures for drylands: SPARC at the Global Landscapes Forum

How can drylands be supported to build more sustainable and secure futures? SPARC held a dynamic plenary at the Global Landscapes Forum to explore the opportunities and challenges.