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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Ecologies and natural resources - like land, water, livestock, and wildlife - vary greatly across drylands in Africa and the Near East. These areas are affected by climate variability and unequal distribution of water resources. However, they also hold great promise, with dryland pastoral communities increasingly diversifying into alternative ways to earn a living and participating in the community-based conservation of natural resources.

We will address evidence gaps in natural resource management in dryland regions with the aim of improving programming and policy-making to build the resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in these areas.

Here we present some recommended resources on the theme of Natural Resources and Ecologies specially selected by SPARC’s experts:

Featured resources

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SARD-SC Wheat improvement (Kano, Nigeria). Credit: ICARDA/ CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Impacts of war on food prices and food security in potentially vulnerable countries

War in Ukraine may be distant, but may still affect countries in the global south as war drives up the prices of commodities. Just how serious is this threat?
Credit: S. Sheridan - Ethiopia, 05/2016 Publications

Innovations for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in fragile and conflict-affected settings

This scoping paper presents key findings from the SPARC review of the innovation landscape specific to the contexts of fragile and conflict-affected settings.
Woman Tending to the goats in Kenya. Credit: Jakob Dall - Danish Red Cross (p-KEN0534) Publications

Financing livestock trade: Formal and informal finance in Kenya, Mali and Somalia

This report looks at the degree to which traders marketing livestock from the rangelands use formal financial services, and examines the development of these financial services.
Transporting water containers from distribution point. Credit: Photo by Jonathan Kalan (p-KEN0646)/ IFRC Publications

A review of tenure and governance in the pastoral lands of East and West Africa

This report looks at how increased pressures and competition for natural resources and pastoral lands in East and West Africa have affected pastoralists' governance and tenure systems.

Latest news and features

Asabey John from Borno State, Nigeria - Image by Conflict & Development at Texas A&M University - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 News

“If knowledge is power, then sharing knowledge is sharing power.”

SPARC launches new partnership working with women and girls from dryland communities in the Sahel to build more resilient, equitable livelihoods.
Farmer field day - International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas Ethiopia - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

A global crisis is affecting food prices for millions far beyond Ukraine

The war in Ukraine is helping to push up food prices globally. SPARC Executive Director Mark Redwood discusses how we can support pastoralists in Africa to build their resilience to shocks.
The drought in Kenya has exacerbated the water shortage. People carry water with donkeys./ Credit:Bünyamin Aygun/ Milfoto (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Features

Severe drought continues to threaten livelihoods in the drylands of the Horn of Africa

Reflecting on how drought has affected the livelihoods of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa, and looking forward. Read more here.