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Supporting Pastoralism and Agriculture
in Recurrent and Protracted Crises

Ecologies and natural resources - like land, water, livestock, and wildlife - vary greatly across drylands in Africa and the Near East. These areas are affected by climate variability and unequal distribution of water resources. However, they also hold great promise, with dryland pastoral communities increasingly diversifying into alternative ways to earn a living and participating in the community-based conservation of natural resources.

We will address evidence gaps in natural resource management in dryland regions with the aim of improving programming and policy-making to build the resilience of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in these areas.

Here we present some recommended resources on the theme of Natural Resources and Ecologies specially selected by SPARC’s experts:

Featured resources

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Researchers interview women in Hayin Ade - image by Maryam Yusuf Bayero FUDECO Publications

Livelihoods, conflict and mediation: Nigeria

This research is the first in a series of longitudinal studies into the impact of violent and non-violent conflict on lives and livelihoods, and mediation dynamics, in Nigeria and Somalia.
Camels on sale at Burao livestock market - Image by ILRI - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Publications

Livelihoods, conflict and mediation: Somalia

This report is the second in a series highlighting learning emerging from a longitudinal study examining violent and non-violent conflict and mediation dynamics in Somalia and Nigeria.

Transporting water containers from distribution point. Credit: Photo by Jonathan Kalan (p-KEN0646)/ IFRC Publications

A review of tenure and governance in the pastoral lands of East and West Africa

This report looks at how increased pressures and competition for natural resources and pastoral lands in East and West Africa have affected pastoralists' governance and tenure systems.
Somali region drought response/ Photo Credit: UNICEF Ethiopia/2022/Mulugeta Ayene (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) Publications

Obstacles to and opportunities for anticipatory action in Somalia

This brief is the second in a series highlighting learnings from a longitudinal study on anticipatory action in Somalia.

Latest news and features

Somali region drought response - Image by Mulugeta Ayene / Unicef Ethiopia - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 News

Opportunity: Post-Doctoral Fellowships at the International Livestock Research Institute

SPARC partner the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) announces two new post-doctoral fellowships in anticipatory action and humanitarian relief and resilience programming.
Men unload sacks of onions in a farmers market in Bamako, Mali - Image by Dominic Chavez / World Bank - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

We need more action to reform how climate finance is raised, directed and accessed in West Africa

Changing the way that climate finance is raised, directed and accessed in West Africa is long overdue. Here SPARC shares what needs to be done.
Residents of Mogadishu - Image by Tobin Jones/ UN - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Features

Why we urgently need to fund climate adaptation in fragile- and conflict-affected countries like Somalia

For far too long countries affected by fragility and conflict, like Somalia, have faced obstacles when accessing climate finance. Here our experts share insight into what needs to change and why.

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